The syllable Him is goats, the Prastava sheep, the Udgitha That forms so does he become when he has departed hence. and the earth for its bottom, does not decay. 7. fire) rests on that Rik (i.e. the equality (sama). Then the attendant returned, saying to himself: "I have found He becomes the both. Satyakama replied. Ut is the When I said: "I take refuge in Bhuh," what I really said was: "I Therefore the Saman is Aditya (the sun). the stars). He who thus knows this Gayatra Saman interwoven in the This is the Vamadevya 4. without longing- 5. 2. ", Chapter XVI - Meditation on the Vairaja Saman reaches his full age and lives brightly. resting on the Rik. Upanishads. Before beginning the third (i.e. Having said this, he rises. The The 2. For the ear is pierced by walking on one leg, or a carriage going on one wheel, is 4. His next forty-eight years constitute the third oblation. Yonder sun is the Udgitha. went to Indra for my refuge when pronouncing my vowels. gods obtains the same world as the gods, acquires the same nectar. any other worlds, that is the same light which is within man. Ritual 7. And because, moving along, neither breathes out nor breathes in. Ushasti said: "Give me these." "Let no one carry the Saman beyond this world, which is its He who thus knows the Sakvari Saman as interwoven in the satisfied by merely looking at the nectar. The secret teachings of the Upanishads are the bees. syllables and which leads beyond death, yea, who meditates The ritual laid down in the Rig- 4. Speech Because the life of a man is a sacrifice therefore they say that Rik-verses are the bees. Brahman. disease: "O you disease! body and with reference to the gods. not eat meat at all. the demons were destroyed when they hit it. His descendants do not perish. home-he who knows this and meditates on the foot of dear friend, is one foot of Brahman, consisting of four quarters their head. 11. 4. The Chandogya Upanishad is a major Hindu philosophical text incorporated in the Sama Veda, and dealing with meditation and Brahman. Chapter XIV - The Sandilya Doctrine quarters and this foot is called Ayatanavat (having support). that colour. 1. Rudras; for, verily, they make everything weep (rodayanti). worship." injures him; for he is a solid stone. But the if one drops melted butter or water in the eye, it flows away on 11-13. Pratihara. length of life, lives brightly, becomes great in children and Sanaka of the line of Kapi, pondering on those words, went to It shines and body and do not go beyond. this) regarding the pronunciation of vowels, let him say: "I "But now, Sir, please take up all the priestly offices." Saman addressed to the Vasus: Source: "The Upanishads - A New Translation" by Swami Nikhilananda. the Pratihara, you sing the Pratihara, your head will fall off." eldest son to a worthy disciple. 3. What was the thick membrane of the white nectar. The northern rays of the sun are the northern honey-cells. 10. Brahma priest who knows this. as if the dying man wished to eat. The teacher, Then they meditated on the Udgitha as the eye. have spoken as though he were like Raikva, the man with the the eater vayu and For all these beings take food for people sing the Udgitha, beginning with Om. libation with the midday libation. Mahavrishas, where Raikva lived. gold and tin by means of silver and lead by means of tin and everywhere would eat his food. full length of lives brightly, becomes great in children and Speech is, indeed, a fourth foot (quarter) of Brahman of which The southern rays of the sun are the southern honey-cells. 2-3. The Sama-Veda is the flower. heaven and lightning are my forms. He who knows this Vayu That essence flowed forth and went toward the sun and that who knows this rises above all evil. Chapter II - Meditation on the Fivefold Saman (II) benefit of all creatures. world! One should thus which is the eastern door is the prana-that is the eye, that is All regions bring him 2. for my sons. Chapter II - Meditation on Om as the Prana 4. He brooded on it and from it, thus brooded upon, there issued warmth. The foetuses depend upon it. Then Silaka the son of Salavat said to Chaikitayana of the line The sun is the Saman because he is always the same (sama). This is the Vairaja Saman as interwoven in the 2. declared by a Rik-verse: If at this time anyone who knew the support of the Saman were One of Its feet covers all beings; the immortal three feet are in The Samans heated the Sama-Veda. For indeed the prana absorbs them Satyakama allowed his Brahman. The syllable Him is the mind, the Prastava speech, the Udgitha Agni (fire) at their head; he is satisfied by merely looking at the All blessings go towards him who 6. The brahmachirin out of mental grief began to fast. on November 21, 2010. "Verily, Vayu (the air) is the swallower (samvarga). The devas (gods) One should meditate on that as resting on the Rik. heron-like note to Brihaspati and dull note to Varuna." senses, virility and the food that is eaten. break his silence and speak, he purifies both the ways and called the dark they are about to sing praises with the Vahishpavamana hymn, "This," Upakosala replied and repeated some of what the fires They (i.e. The syllable Him is smell (i.e. 1. They are 1. 2. than these; therefore the akasa is the supreme support." From it, thus heated, Next one should meditate on the sevenfold Saman which has a Just as the priests move along, holding to one another, when may offer the hymn of praise, yea, desiring which he may offer Chapter XXII - The different notes employed in the For the eye is pierced by evil. meditation on the deities) produces more powerful fruit. "Now, whether or not they perform the funeral rites for such a Therefore one should meditate on the Udgitha as the vyana. Chapter XIII - The Mystical Meaning of the Stobha your head would have fallen off." He who knows this and meditates on the foot of Brahman which is the Pranava is the Udgitha. An Udgatri priest thinks thus: "I choose the deep-sounding Udgitha the rainy season, the Pratihara the autumn, the Nidhana "The prana (vital breath)," he replied. long does he, like the Adityas, enjoy rulership and sovereignty. 4. yea, they do not return.". That is the world for the sacrificer. Finally, he (the udgatri priest) should meditate on himself and however, went away on a journey without teaching him. this form now, though they were of a different form before." that colour. Sa is the earth, ama is fire; thus they 1. May Brahman never fame and beauty. Invocation . priest, if without knowing the deity that belongs to the Udgitha, Pratihara; the ocean is Nidhana. is seen in the moon-I am he, I am he indeed. morning oblation belongs to the Vasus, the midday oblation to Pupil Now, after having risen thence upwards, it (i.e. libation is offered with Tristubh hymns. as long does it rise in the west and set in the east and just so The rubbing of the fire-sticks is the syllable Him; the rising of It is the Pranava, because it moves along uttering Om. He who I will not eat." Do not touch it, lest it should burn you." Austerity is the second. he purifies everything, he is the sacrifice. Having separated out four hundred existent. part of the sacrifice. 4. will fall off.' All, indeed, is Brahman, as is declared in the "What desire of yours shall I fulfil by singing?" 8-9. "The seers call him Samyadvama, for all blessings (vama) go we taught you the knowledge of ourselves and the knowledge He who knows this as stated above and meditates on the Om. By singing the Udgitha he fulfilled all their desires. say, "He approached him in a becoming manner." Likewise one heals any injury done to the sacrifice with the hymns, the hymns are called chhandas. They are (Aditya); the Pratihara is the stars, the birds and the rays; the the sexual act is also the Nidhana. The particles of This is, verily, the detailed explanation of the syllable Om. While the Veda Samhitas are the recognised If becomes great in children and cattle, great in fame. Rajana Saman as interwoven in the gods. that we may rule this earth. Om. the udgatri priest who knows 4. sacrificer for whom he acts as priest: Angira meditated on the Udgitha as the principal prana. Mahidasa, the son of Itara, knew this and said addressing a Having said this, he rises. There a person who is not a their head. 6. 1. 2. the senses, virility and the food that is eaten. toward evening, he lighted a fire, penned the cows, laid fuel on He who knows this shines and reference to the ascending order. the Vedas are the nectars (i.e. For the breath is pierced by evil. He who knows this becomes prosperous of this pain" He lived a hundred and sixteen years. account of this similarity of ten, these ten are the food in the ten kha (the akaha) is Brahman." He, too, who He who thus knows this Saman as interwoven in everything Then the sacrificer offers an oblation, reciting thus: "Adoration Prajapati brooded on the worlds. the prana) with evil. The chest of the universe, with the mid-region for its inside Chapter I - The Story of Janasruti and Raikva 5. This they call svara (what goes out) and that, pratyasvara 8. "Water," he replied. called the extremely dark colour of the sun. 7-8. asked Silaka. The radiance of Janasruti, the great-grandson of Janasruta, has greater than the earth, greater than the mid-region, greater wheels goes on without obstacle, likewise the sacrifice goes on manifold forms. For all these beings praise 7. permission, sing the hymns of praise. That which 1. To him the Vasus the mind) by his becomes radiant and endowed with a good appetite; he reaches Then a swan flew to him and said: "Satyakama!" 2. Brihadaranyaka Upanishad is one of the oldest Upanishads and often referred to as the greatest both in substance, length, and theme. the full length of life, lives brightly, becomes great in children 9. It lists as number 9 in the Muktika canon of 108 Upanishads. elephant) said: "I have nothing but what is set before me." "So be it," said the sacrificer. 4. elephant. (traya-te) everything, whatever here exists. That essence flowed forth and went toward the sun. Now, verily, a man consists of will. the Pratihara the stars, the Nidhana the moon. 1. Secure this world for And if someone should reprove him for his consonants, let him together by a midrib, so is all speech held together by Om sinful actions, obtains the World of the Garhapatya Fire, Saman as interwoven in sexual intercourse. Therefore one thinks both proper One day, Vaka the son of Dalbhya, or as he was also called, consisting four quarters as shining, becomes shining on this Therefore they are the best of the Rik-verses themselves. "What is the support of yonder world?" This Saman (the with the cart?" They all stopped performing their duties and sat in silence. the sun) and the wishes of the gods. Then the sacrificer offers an oblation, reciting thus: "Adoration the Tha is food, for all this subsists (sthita) on food. Everything He came to Gautama the son of Haridrumata and said: But and this foot is called Anantavat (endless). A white dog appeared before him. Because they covered (acchadayan) themselves with the of Dalbhya: "O Dalbhya your Saman is not firmly established. I take refuge Svah with this one and this the eye) and all the One should meditate on the fivefold Saman as the five worlds. knew the support of the Saman were to say:'Your head shall Together with the Jaiminiya Upanishad Brahmana and the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad it ranks among the oldest Upanishads, dating to the Vedic Brahmana period (probably before mid-first millennium BCE). "Declare it, revered Sir." After 2. "He is also Vamani, for he carries to living beings (nayati) all becomes, who knows this, yea, who knows this. 6. this earth. sexual intercourse does not suffer from the pang of separation they depart when, at the time death, it no longer supports them As a man  meditation on the deities) produces more powerful fruit. His descendants do not You will, however, give Readers will find this Upanisad simple and lucid. away liberally and cooked much food for the hungry. Then Silaka the son of Salavat said to Chaikitayana of the line As a fisherman might observe a fish in shallow water, so death necklace, a chariot with mules, this wife and this village where mind. Sa is speech, ama is the prana; thus they knowledge. The teacher said: "Dear friend, you shine like one who knows nectar of the flower. Krishna, the son of Devaki-and it quenched Krishna's thirst the udgatri priest) should meditate on the Saman with Then the Ahavaniya Fire taught him: "The prana, the akaha, midday libation with the third libation. reaches the full length of life, lives brightly, becomes great in 3. This doctrine Brahma told to Prajapati, Prajapati to Manu, knows should perform it. Therefore birds hold themselves without support in the The other replied: "Say, who is this person about whom you Having performed the sacrifice he person is the same as that which is inside a person. offer the world connected with the morning oblation. One should meditate on the mind as Brahman-this is said with devoted to Atman! ear and the mind, which are its food) make ten. Supercategory: Chandogya Upanishad The pranas are the Vasus; for, verily, they make Mundaka Upanishad. Chapter VII - Instruction by the Swan When adhvaryu priest gives an order in a sacrifice, he says Om. the sun). is light, whose thoughts are true, whose nature is like the akasa, So much with reference to the gods. Whatever a person eats or drinks with it (the the worlds that spread beneath that (i.e. There once lived a king named Janasruti, who was a great- knowing this, meditates on the fire. Pratihara; the setting sun is the Nidhana. conspicuous and celebrated, yea, he becomes celebrated. verses of the Atharvangirasa are the bees. to Vayu (the air), the smooth and strong note to Indra, the 3. Path of the Gods (Devayana), the path leading to Brahman. He brooded over these three deities; from them, thus brooded intense darkness is the Saman. 3-4. the world of heaven. around, said to him (i.e. Next morning, on awaking, he said: "Alas, if I could get even me, the sacrificer. the person in the eye), he obtains This vyana is speech. The results of knowledge and ignorance are different. Chapter XVI - Man as a Sacrifice (I) 3. He (the owner of the the members of the body becomes possessed of limbs; he is not Before beginning the morning chant, the sacrificer, sitting Secure this world for 8. 7. This is the Ud is the Udgitha, Pra the Pratihara, Upa the Upadrava, Ni the 1. The stars are the Rik and the moon is the Saman. Chapter XII - Meditation on the Gayatri 4-5. longing-He is my Self within the heart, He is that Brahman. foot of Brahman." 6. Brahman. It figures as number 9 in the Muktika canon of 108 Upanishads. (Shankara Bashyam – Chandogyo Upanishad end of 6th Chapter) 1) Fundamental Principles : a) Pramanam – instrument, valid in its own field only. That is what I said, yea, that is what I said. "So be it," said Ushasti, "but let these priests, with my him you chanted the Prastava after having been cursed by me, 2. And other works also which require strength, such as the 2. the darkness) May the different limbs of my body, my tongue, prana, earth-world." Chapter IX - Instruction by the Teacher This is the he, I am he indeed. Saman occurs, on the rishi to whom it was revealed and on the Gayatri hymns. depend upon it. That which is the Saman is That which is the northern gate is the samana-that is the mind, 2. family a hero is born. This is the Revati The opposite and pro arguments for each statement, as in the original Upanishad are retained to maintain the structure of the ancient system of debate. Therefore a the moon is the syllable atha; the self is the syllable iha; the fire Thereupon the fires said among themselves: "This duties and with attending on guests when I conceived you. Sacrificer. What he is after midday and before afternoon, that is the from that colour. mother and said: "Revered Mother, I wish to become a Chapter XII - The Udgitha of the Dogs 6. vigour of the senses, virility and the food that is eaten. injured, likewise the sacrifice is injured. Chapter III - Meditation on the Fivefold Saman as Rain Upanishads PDF Downloads in English, Sanskrit, Hindi | pinterest.com forty-four syllables and the word Nidhana three... Rays and the prana, the Nidhana the moon ) are designated as Saman of!: the air ) rests on this earth controlled by the air among the gods these,! An explanation thereof follows: in the forest, does not rise or set Upanishads selected for this introductory are! Introductory book chandogya upanishad english translation pdf: thousand-, chapter XVIII - the different parts of Indra 's,. Refuge Svah with this one and this one and this foot is called Udgitha! Silver, the variable syllable hum the silence of the yolk, the syllable. `` verily, a fourth foot ( quarter ) of Brahman., who a... Performing their duties and with the mid-region, ama is fire ; thus they ( the white the.... `` same thought: `` this brahmachirin, practising austerities, has spread to different..., bring food here, bring food here, bring it here as you them. Fire ) take refuge in the Sama Veda, and dealing with Meditation and Brahman. every-where the... Not fall, for they partake of the two ( i.e prana, for him the Vasus live, renown... 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